Tuesday, May 18, 2010

Sewage

In disaster situations, plumbing may not be usable due to broken sewer or water lines, flooding, or freezing of the system. To avoid the spread of disease, it is critical that human waste be handled in a sanitary manner!

Did you know…
…one gram (0.035 oz) of human feces can contain 10 million viruses, 1 million bacteria, 1,000 parasite cysts, and 100 parasite eggs!?

If toilet okay but lines are not…
If water or sewer lines are damaged but toilet is still intact, you should line the toilet bowl with a plastic bag to collect waste… but DO NOT flush the toilet!! After use, add a small amount of disinfectant to bag, remove and seal bag (with a twist tie if reusing), and place bag in a tightly covered container away from people to reduce smell.

If toilet is unusable…
If toilet is destroyed, a plastic bag in a bucket may be substituted. (Some companies make plastic buckets with a seat and/or snap-on lid.) You could also use the toilet seat from a commode and lay it on top of a bucket for a more comfortable experience. (Tip: separate lid from seat and set aside so you can lay seat on it when changing out bag.) After use, add a small amount of disinfectant to the bag, and seal or cover bucket.

Disinfectants - easy and effective for home use in Sanitation of Human Waste.

Chlorine Bleach - If water is available, a solution of 1 part liquid household bleach to 10 parts water is best. DO NOT use dry bleach since it can burn you, corrode or dissolve things so not safe for this kind of use.

Calcium hypochlorite - (e.g. HTH, etc.) Available in swimming pool supply or hardware stores and several large discount stores. It can be used in solution by mixing, then storing. Follow directions on the package.

Portable toilet chemicals - These come in both liquid and dry formulas and are available at recreational vehicle (RV) supply stores. Use according to package directions. These chemicals are designed especially for toilets that are not connected to sewer lines.

Powdered, chlorinated lime - Available at some building supply stores. It can be used dry and be sure to get chlorinated lime - not quick lime.

Some other alternatives are kitty litter, sawdust, etc. There are also several types of camping toilets and portable toilets that range from fairly low dollars to hundreds of dollars.

Make sure toilet is near the air-exhaust end of the shelter and keep it tightly covered when not in use. Cover with a plastic bag too to keep bugs out and help reduce smell a bit. And consider hanging a sheet or blanket in toilet area for some privacy, if possible.

Also (if possible) consider digging a waste-disposal pit about 3 feet downwind from shelter if hunkered down for weeks. (Note, if sheltering during a nuclear event, esp if fallout surrounding shelter, do NOT expose yourself to lethal radiation by digging holes to bury waste. Just pile bags several feet away from shelter and decontaminate yourself before reentering shelter.)

Puking will also be an issue. Nerves, anxiety, a change in diet, and the sight and smell of puke and poop may make others throw up. (And if a nuke event, radiation sickness can cause puking and diarrhea.) Plastic bags, placed throughout a shelter, are the best means to catch puke and keep it off the floor. Buckets, pots, or a newspaper folded into a cone also work.

Germs and diseases can create major problems and illness in confined quarters so try to reduce the spread of germs and infectious diseases

- Wash hands often using soap and water or use hand sanitizer (with at least 60% alcohol in it) to reduce the spread of germs. But keep in mind sanitizers don’t work against some bugs so it’s best to wash up, if possible.
- Try to avoid exposure to others’ bodily fluids like blood, pee, poop, spittle, etc.
- Sick people should cover mouth and nose with tissue or sleeve when coughing or sneezing, wash hands often, and wear a face mask around others (if very ill).
- Keep cuts and scrapes clean and covered until healed.
- Clean counters, doorknobs, fixtures, linens, etc. often with a bleach solution.
- If possible, don’t share silverware, razors, towels, or bedding and wash objects with soap and hot water.

Some sanitation items for shelters…
- Disinfectant for human waste (see above)
- Bottles of household chlorine bleach (regular scent)
- Personal hygiene items (toothbrushes, toothpaste or baking soda, brush, comb, deodorant, shaving cream, razors, etc.)
- Plastic garbage bags with twist ties and small plastic grocery bags
- Plastic bucket with tight lid (several would be wise)
- Soap, liquid detergent, hand sanitizer (with at least 60% alcohol), moist towelettes or sanitizing wipes, hydrogen peroxide, etc.
- Toilet paper and baby wipes
- Paper towels, dish towels, rags, etc.
- Feminine supplies (tampons, pads, etc.)
- Diapers (infant, toddler and adult sizes if needed)
- Disposable gloves
- Wash cloths, hand and bath towels
- Small shovel

Some first aid items to consider for sanitation...
- Bentonite clay
- activated charcoal
- antacids
- anti-diarrhea meds
- laxatives
- diatomaceous earth
- MMS (for parasites, etc)
- a slew of vi-tees & herbs (esp immune stimulator types), etc
- hydrocortisone cream, he-mee ointment, diaper rash cream, etc

(Most of above extracted from our IT’S A DISASTER! book. Proceeds benefit APN.)

To comment please go here:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=172&t=2324

35 comments:

  1. Remove radiation from any water source

    Our University of Alabama patented solar desalination product uses no electricity, has no filters to replace, can be taken anywhere and extracts pure water from any contaminated water source. It removes radiation, fluoride, salt, pesticides, bacteria, dirt and other contaminants from any water. It aids people to be prepared for disasters. Made tough in the U.S.A.

    Please visit us:
    http://freshwater.ecogreenenergies.com

    These units can also be placed together in arrays of literally any number of panels, as needed, to accommodate a desert farm or any remote area that needs water.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Easily remove radiation from any water source.

      Our University of Alabama patented solar desalination product uses no electricity, has no filters to replace, can be taken anywhere and extracts pure water from any contaminated water source. It removes radiation, fluoride, salt, pesticides, bacteria, dirt and other contaminants from any water. It aids people to be prepared

      for disasters. Made tough in the U.S.A.

      Also, Eco friendly product reviews featuring clean water, energy savings, prepper sites and sustainable energy products.

      http://values.cc is freshwater.ecogreenenergies.com's new website which we used for our earlier comment about the University of Alabama solar desalination products.

      Delete
  2. I must say you had done a tremendous job,I appreciate all your efforts.Thanks alot for your writings......Waiting for a new 1...Please visit our wonderful and valuable website:
    Packers And Movers in Bangalore

    Packers And Movers Nashik
    Packers And Movers bhiwandi

    ReplyDelete
  3. I must be thankful for sharing your ideas.Thank you for the good writeup.its a brellint job.please visit here for more detail:
    Packers and Movers Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  4. Thanks for sharing useful information for us.I really enjoyed reading your blog, you have lots of great content.
    Packers And Movers Hyderabad

    ReplyDelete
  5. Packers and movers in barmer@
    http://www.movingsolution7.in/packers-and-movers-barmer/
    Packers and movers in manesar@
    http://www.movingsolution7.in/packers-and-movers-manesar/
    Packers and movers in chandigarh@
    http://www.movingsolution7.in/packers-and-movers-chandigarh/
    Packers and movers in ludhiana@
    http://www.movingsolution7.in/packers-and-movers-ludhiana/

    ReplyDelete
  6. packers and movers in india@
    https://quicksoluction.com
    packers and movers in delhi@
    http://quicksoluction.com/packers-and-movers-in-delhi.html
    packers and movers in mumbai@
    http://quicksoluction.com/packers-and-movers-in-mumbai.html
    packers and movers in pune@
    http://quicksoluction.com/packers-and-movers-in-pune.html
    packers amd movers in gurgaon@
    http://quicksoluction.com/packers-and-movers-in-gurgaon.html

    ReplyDelete
  7. There's a lot of interesting info here! I'm very grateful for the post! movers and packers ahmedabad is here to make your life simpler.

    http://packersmoversahmedabad.co.in/
    http://packersmoversahmedabad.co.in/packers-and-movers-surat-gujarat

    ReplyDelete
  8. This is useful content. really apreciate it! visit here.

    This research is practically done by you and gives good ideas. visit here some useful content here. i love this website. your site is good and your work is very good for social work.. keep work.

    http://packersmoverschennai.in/

    ReplyDelete
  9. I am really enjoying reading your well written articles. I think you spend numerous effort and time updating your blog.
    Packers And Movers Jaipur

    ReplyDelete
  10. An excellent information provided thanks for all the information i must say great efforts made by you. thanks a lot for all the information you provided.
    Packers And Movers Pune charges
    Packers And Movers Pune charges

    ReplyDelete
  11. This blog is so nice to me. I will continue to come here again and again. Visit my link as well. Good luck
    http://www.jualobataborsiherbal.com/ obat aborsi
    http://caramenggugurkankandungan.info/ cara menggugurkan kandungan
    http://www.jualobataborsiherbal.com/cara-menggugurkan-kandungan/ cara menggugurkan kandungan
    http://obataborsi59.com/ obat aborsi
    http://obataborsi59.com/cara-menggugurkan-kandungan-dengan-cepat-dan-aman/ cara menggugurkan kandungan
    http://obattelatdatangbulan.info/ obat telat datang bulan
    http://klinikobataborsi.com/ jual obat aborsi
    http://jualobatpenggugurkandungan.net/ obat penggugur kandungan
    http://tandatandakehamilan.net/ tanda tanda kehamilan
    http://tandatandakehamilan.net/cara-cepat-dan-selamat-menggugurkan-kandungan/ cara menggugurkan kandungan

    ReplyDelete
  12. Char Dham Yatra
    Tourtraveltourism.com offers "Chardham Yatra" at lowest price. This tour package can be affordable by any one. The four Dham Badrinath, Kedar nath, Gangotri, Yamnotri can be covered in just short span of time. Book Online and avail huge discount.
    Char Dham Yatra from Delhi
    Char Dham Yatra Packages from Delhi
    Char Dham Yatra Tour Package from Delhi

    ReplyDelete
  13. Char Dham Yatra
    We tourtraveltourism.com provides you chardham yatra packages. There are many beautiful surroundings, best of the scenic views dense forest, it can mesmerize you. Book now to avail huge discount.
    Char Dham Yatra from Haridwar
    Char Dham Yatra Packages from Haridwar
    Char Dham Yatra Tour Package from Haridwar

    ReplyDelete
  14. Char Dham Yatra
    By visit tourtraveltourism.com you can find customize travel package. Here you can find many of the tour packages. You can select best one of them. Fell free to call 07351064829.
    Char Dham Yatra from Hyderabad
    Char Dham Yatra Packages from Hyderabad
    Char Dham Yatra Tour Package from Hyderabad

    ReplyDelete
  15. Char Dham Yatra
    Please visit our website for booking your tour package. You can Book online Chardham Yatra Package 2017 at Tourtraveltourism.com. Feel free to call 07351064829 and book your tours at affordable price .Visit our website.
    Char Dham Yatra from Ahmedabad
    Char Dham Yatra Packages from Ahmedabad
    Char Dham Yatra Tour Package from Ahmedabad

    ReplyDelete
  16. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  17. UPSC Exam date 2018 is being scheduled. To get the latest update about exam dates. Just visit www.findsarkarijobs.com
    UPSC Exam Schedule 2018

    ReplyDelete
  18. Hire Packers and Movers Thane
    Thane is one of the most populous metropolitan cities in India. It is the 16th most populated city in India located on the north eastern side of the state of Maharashtra,
    Packers and movers in hyderabad@
    http://www.transmoving.in/packers-movers-hyderabad.html
    Packers and movers in pune@
    http://www.transmoving.in/packers-movers-pune.html
    Packers and movers in chandigarh@
    http://www.transmoving.in/packers-movers-chandigarh.html
    Packers and movers in kolkata@
    http://www.transmoving.in/packers-movers-kolkata.html
    Packers and movers in chennai@
    http://www.transmoving.in/packers-movers-chennai.html

    ReplyDelete
  19. If you are looking for car rental services to Nainital ,then you have landed at the right place. Here you will find all types information about cabs /taxi rental services in your city to nainital.
    Taxi from Delhi to Nainital
    Delhi to Nainital Taxi
    Taxi from Delhi Airport to Nainital
    One way Taxi Fare from Delhi to Nainital
    Taxi fare from Delhi Airport to Nainital

    ReplyDelete
  20. On tourtraveltourism.com you can visit the travel package for Char Dham Yatra. Here we offer you the convenience during the trip. We have the packages around 11 days to 20days. As all of us know that we have created a well maintained position among the tour and travel industry.
    Char Dham Yatra
    Char Dham Yatra from Haridwar
    Char Dham Yatra Packages from Haridwar
    Char Dham Yatra Tour Package from Haridwar

    ReplyDelete
  21. Qkloan provide you Personal loan, Home loan, Auto loan, Education Loan, Business loan, Mortgage Loan, Consultant loan, details like contact address and their website.
    Business Loan in Delhi
    Business Loan in Bangalore
    Business Loan in Chennai
    Business Loan in Hyderabad
    Business Loan in Mumbai
    Business Loan in Pune
    Business Loan in Haldwani
    Business Loan in Dehradun

    ReplyDelete

  22. www.shiftingsolutions.in/packers-and-movers-bangalore/
    https://www.shiftingsolutions.in/packers-and-movers-pune/

    ReplyDelete
  23. ShiftingSolutions.in offers Free Quotes of Registered Movers and Packers Delhi Compare to save money and select the best.

    For packers and Movers enquiry and help, plz visit-
    Packers and Movers in Delhi
    Packers and Movers Delhi
    Packer and Mover Delhi
    Movers and Packers in Delhi
    Delhi Packers and Movers

    ReplyDelete